Shahid Beheshti UniversityIranian Journal of Remote Sensing & GIS2008-59667220160121The Effect of Atmospheric Moisture on the Estimation of the Temperature Inversion Characteristics from MODIS ImagesThe Effect of Atmospheric Moisture on the Estimation of the Temperature Inversion Characteristics from MODIS Images355395793FAH KacharM.Sc. Student, Remote Sensing Dep., K.N. Toosi University of TechnologyM.R MobasheriAssociate Prof., Remote Sensing Dep., Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Eng., K.N. Toosi University of TechnologyA.A AbkarAssistant Prof., Remote Sensing Dep., Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Eng., K.N. Toosi University of TechnologyM RahimzadeganAssistant Prof., Civil Eng., K.N. Toosi University of TechnologyJournal Article20161106Increase of temperature with height in the troposphere is called temperature inversion. Parameters such as strength and depth are characteristics of temperature inversion. Inversion strength is defined as the temperature difference between the surface and the top of the inversion and the depth of inversion is defined as the height of the inversion from the surface. The common approach in determination of these parameters is field measurements by Radiosonde. On the other hand the Radiosonde data are too sparse, so using satellite images is essential for modeling the temperature inversion. Necessary condition for the temperature inversion modeling using satellite images, examine the relationship between the brightness temperature difference with the temperature inversion strength and depth of the resulting data is Radiosonde. Temperature inversion phenomenon is common in Tehran. So Mehrabad airport weather station was selected as the 1st study area. Then correlation coefficients between Brightness temperature differences of different band pairs and the inversion depth and strength collected by Radiosonde were calculated. The results showed weak linear correlation. This could be due to the change of the atmospheric water vapor content and the relatively weak temperature inversion strength and depth occurred in Tehran. Proving this hypothesis is an innovation in the present work, in continuation of this research, the factors increasing the linear correlation coefficient was investigated. Due to the presence of deeper and stronger temperature inversion in Kermanshah, this region was chosen as the second studied region. The calculated correlation coefficients increased for Kermanshah all due to increase in the strength and depth of the temperature inversion in this region. Knowing that the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere in winter is less than warm seasons, Tehran and Kermanshah data were divided into two all seasons and cold seasons.Increase of correlation coefficients for both Tehran and Kermanshah in the cold season verifies the effect of atmospheric water content. For instance, the correlation coefficient between BT7.2-BT11 with strength and depth of inversion for Kermanshah for all season are 0.51 and 0.70 respectively. This for cold season was boosted to 0.78 and 0.85.Increase of temperature with height in the troposphere is called temperature inversion. Parameters such as strength and depth are characteristics of temperature inversion. Inversion strength is defined as the temperature difference between the surface and the top of the inversion and the depth of inversion is defined as the height of the inversion from the surface. The common approach in determination of these parameters is field measurements by Radiosonde. On the other hand the Radiosonde data are too sparse, so using satellite images is essential for modeling the temperature inversion. Necessary condition for the temperature inversion modeling using satellite images, examine the relationship between the brightness temperature difference with the temperature inversion strength and depth of the resulting data is Radiosonde. Temperature inversion phenomenon is common in Tehran. So Mehrabad airport weather station was selected as the 1st study area. Then correlation coefficients between Brightness temperature differences of different band pairs and the inversion depth and strength collected by Radiosonde were calculated. The results showed weak linear correlation. This could be due to the change of the atmospheric water vapor content and the relatively weak temperature inversion strength and depth occurred in Tehran. Proving this hypothesis is an innovation in the present work, in continuation of this research, the factors increasing the linear correlation coefficient was investigated. Due to the presence of deeper and stronger temperature inversion in Kermanshah, this region was chosen as the second studied region. The calculated correlation coefficients increased for Kermanshah all due to increase in the strength and depth of the temperature inversion in this region. Knowing that the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere in winter is less than warm seasons, Tehran and Kermanshah data were divided into two all seasons and cold seasons.Increase of correlation coefficients for both Tehran and Kermanshah in the cold season verifies the effect of atmospheric water content. For instance, the correlation coefficient between BT7.2-BT11 with strength and depth of inversion for Kermanshah for all season are 0.51 and 0.70 respectively. This for cold season was boosted to 0.78 and 0.85.https://gisj.sbu.ac.ir/article_95793_04ef9a7ef1067935822e3e61a1b50767.pdf