Rain-Fed Wheat Area Mapping Using MODIS and Landsat Images (Case Study: Ahar City)

Document Type : Original Article



Application of the remote sensing methods in crop area mapping on a large spatiotemporal scale serves is as an alternative to costly time-consuming field data gathering methods. So far, some methods have been developed for wheat and rice area mapping using the images from optical and radar sensors. Some of these methods are appropriate for humid climates with several cloudy days, while others use complex processes in terms of combining both optics and radar images. Meanwhile, methods based on the unique variation of the vegetation index time series belongs to each crop are relatively simple methods that can be used for crop area mapping. The objective of this study is to improve one of the proposed methods for rain-fed wheat area mapping, in which a step-by-step elimination algorithm of non-wheat pixels was applied to MODIS images. The Improved algorithm took advantage of both MODIS and Landsat Images in terms of their high temporal and high spatial resolutions, respectively. The mentioned process could detect rain-fed wheat areas from the pastures and heterogeneous areas with higher accuracy in comparison with the previous algorithm. The overall accuracy, Kapa index, and F1 score for the final rain-fed wheat map was 92.5%, 0.67, and 0.71 respectively.


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