Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Student, Dep. of Remote Sensing and GIS, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran

2 Assistant Prof., Dep. of Remote Sensing and GIS, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran

3 Assistant Prof., Dep. of Remote Sensing and GIS, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran


It is necessary to know about the quantity of urban tree canopy cover due to its role in air and noise pollution reduction, wind prevention, saving rain water, and runoff control. Being expensive and time consuming, the manual extraction of tree canopy has been replaced by remote sensing techniques conducted on the images, digitally. There are several parameters which must be optimized prior to use of object oriented classification. One of these parameters is Scale affecting the segmentation results, significantly. Scale is usually set by trial and error which is an experimental approach. One of the aims of this study is to optimize Scale parameter, automatically. In addition, after segmentation process based on a proper Scale, it is required to classify the identified segments based on the attributes which are extracted from these segments. In this stage, the selection of suitable classification method fed by the proper attributes is critical. In this research, LiDAR data and aerial image acquired on Vaihingen, Germany, were utilized for segmenting the urban area. In order to identify suitable attributes, random forest feature selection was applied on the attributes derived from the identified segments. Machine learning methods including support vector machine, random forest, and decision tree were compared for classifying the segments based on their suitable attributes into two classes including tree canopy cover and others. The results indicated that Scale of 25 is the best one to segment this area. Also, the tree canopy cover map derived from support vector machine with quality index of 79.90 showed the best performance among different classifiers used in this study.


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