Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


1 Associate Prof., Lorestan University

2 Associate Prof., Geography Dep., Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran

3 Ph.D. of Geography, Geography Dep., Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran


Vegetation plays an important role in protecting water and soil resources, stabilizing carbon and improving air quality. In Middle Zagros, forest and pasture vegetation is very important in terms of protecting soil and water resources and sustaining economic activities. In this research, using the Google Earth Engine platform and Landsat 7 satellite images, the drought of Middle Zagros (Lorestan province) was monitored with vegetation indices NDVI, SAVI and VCI, as well as meteorological drought index SPI for the statistical period of 2020-2000. To calculate the SPI index, the precipitation data of 9 synoptic meteorological stations with appropriate spatial distribution and the length of the statistical period (2020-2000) were used, and the processing was done in DPI software. In order to calculate the plant indices, first, all the geometrically corrected satellite images of the ETM+ sensor of the Landsat satellite were called for Lorestan province for each year. At this stage, an average of 52 images were called for each year. Then the images with less than 5% cloud cover were selected and processed. The results of the VCI index showed that mainly the studied area was affected by mild drought during the statistical period of 2020-2000. The year 2008 had the highest amount of drought related to the middle class with 5880.6 hectares among the studied years. The results of the SPI index showed that there was a moderate drought in 2010, a severe drought in 2008 and 2017, a mild drought in 2006, and a severe drought in 2019. The results of NDVI and SAVI indices also show the increase of thin vegetation classes and areas without vegetation by 1.331679 and 115164 hectares, respectively, and the decrease of normal and dense vegetation by 446160.7 and 682.4 hectares respectively per year. 2008 was compared to 2006 and 2007. Based on the results of all three investigated indicators, the favorable conditions of vegetation cover and ecological threat were obtained in 2016, 2019 and 2020. The highest level of this coordination between SPI meteorological drought and vegetation indices was observed in 2008 and 2010 and to some extent in 2019. In general, the results show that the increase or decrease of vegetation can be caused by the occurrence or absence of drought, while other factors such as land use changes should also be considered.


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