Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


Assistant Prof. of K.N. Toosi University of Technology


Investigation of various types of vegetation’s characteristics as an effective parameter in the energy exchange between the atmosphere and Earth's surface is very important in environmental, natural resources and agriculture studies. Nowadays, using remote sensing techniques with a wide range of valuable spectral information facilitate the study of vegetation, especially in estimation of the biophysical parameters. One of the most important biophysical parameters used in the various analyses related to the study of vegetation is Leaf Area Index (LAI). In this study, in addition to the analyzing and modeling of the relationship between LAI and vegetation indices (VIs)via spectrometry observations, the limitations of the mathematical model for estimation of LAI has been explored, some practical guidelines have been provided to improve the accuracy of the model as well as a new vegetation index has been designed. Finally, the results showed that through the conventional vegetation index, Simple Ratio (SR) and Second Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI-2) have the minimum RMSE (about 0.08 in LAI unit) and the fitted models using their formulas in comparison with the other indices have the minimum rate of saturation. In other words, these indices are more efficient to estimation of the LAI; especially in high density vegetation area and can be used with high reliability in linear models for LAI estimation.


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